Menopause represents a time for change in nutritional requirements. For example, good iron levels required during the menstruation years are now far less important and women need worry less about getting plenty of iron from their diet. However, maintaining a healthy bone density with appropriate nutrition becomes increasingly important as falling oestrogen levels increases the risk of bone density loss.
Optimal levels of calcium, magnesium and other minerals are needed to ensure healthy bones. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K and plant-derived phyto-nutrients are also important. Research in Japan has found foods rich in the plant phyto-oestrogens such as pulses, beans and soya to have beneficial effects. Weight-bearing exercise, such as regularly walking or resistance training, is important for bone density.